Acupuncture treatment is treasure house of traditional Chinese medicine in a brilliant display of Pearl, is the common treasure of all mankind. Acupuncture in this series on the origin, history of acupuncture treatment from the home and acupuncture, and the development of modern acupuncture. Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Part of the production, the Executive Editor Li Ding, Lu Po-kan
Chapter 1. Introduction – This part presents the history, present situation, basic contents and learning methods of acupuncture and moxibustion. Through the clinical practice, the basic concepts as “Zhen” (acupuncture), “Jiu” (moxibustion), “Jing” (meridians) and “Xue” (points ) are introduced. This part will give a complete and clear picture of the developing process of Jingluo and points, the origin and evolution of needling instruments and Jiu (moxibustion) therapy, and the applications of new zhenjiuologic methods.
Chapter 2. Jingluo (Meridian & Collaterals) – This part presents the passages, main diseases, and indications of 12 Jingmai (Meridians), and 8 Extra Meridians. It also introduces the distributing ranges and main functions of 12 Divergent Meridians, 12 muscle regions, 12 cutaneous and 15 Luomai (Collaterals).
Chapter 3. Points (1) – Points are an important component part of Zhengjiuology. Part III to V will introduce the basic knowledge of points theory – definition, classification, size and depth, the methods of locating a point… and so on. In this part, 60 key points on Renmai and Dumai, Meridian of three Hand-Yin and three Hand-Yang are emphasized.
Chapter 4. Points (2) – This part emphasizes on 58 key points on Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming, Bladder Meridian of Foot -Taiyang, and Gall Bladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang.
Chapter 5. Points (3) – This part emphasizes the 34 key points on Spleen Meridian of Foot-Taiyin, Kidney Meridian of Foot-Shaoyin, Liver Meridian of Foot-Tueyin, and Extra Points. Lastly, it reviews the 152 commonly-used points according to the cyclical flow of the Meridians.
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Chapter 6. Acupuncture Techniques (1) – This part mainly introduces acupuncture techniques of filiform needles, including structure, specification, choice, repairing and storage of filiform needles; needling practice methods, sterilization, inserting methods, fundamental manipulation techniques, angle and depth of puncturing, retaining and withdrawing of needles. It also describes the possible accidents happened in the process of puncturing such as fainting, stuck needle, bent needle, as well as hematoma. Lastly the precautions and management of the possible accidents are emphasized.
Chapter 7. Acupuncture Techniques (2) – This part respectively covers the basic knowledge of three-edged needle, cutaneous needle, interdermal needle, electric needle, water needle, scalp acupuncture, ear acupuncture and acupuncture anasthenia inducing needles, manipulations, indications and precautions and etc.
Chapter 8. Moxibustion – This part presents the concepts of moxibustion, materials of moxibustion, good or bad classes of moxa wool and its storage requirements, forms of moxibustion and application. And there is an appendix to cupping. It mainly covers types of jars, manipulations for cupping and application.
Chapter 9. Differentiation & Treatment to Internal Diseases (1) – This part presents the introduction to differentiation and treatment to four internal diseases: Hemiplegia after stoke (three types), Dizziness and vertigo (three types), Headache (three types), Facial pain (trigeminal neuralgia). These are demonstrated by doctors with rich clinical experience.
Chapter 10. Differentiation & Treatment to Internal Diseases (2) – This part provides information about diagnosis and treatment to eight diseases: Deviated mouth and eyes (one type), Bi syndrome (four types), Omalgia (one type), Ischialgia (primary and secondary ones), Lumbago (three types), Pain in the spine (four types), Gastroptosis, Sterility for males caused by difficulty in fertilization due to lack of sperm (three types)
Chapter 12. Differentiation & Treatment to Internal Diseases (4) – This part contains differentiation and treatment to seven diseases: Gastric pain (five types), Vomiting (three types), Diarrhea (four types), constipation (four types), Diabetes (four types), Impotence (two types), Seminal emission (two types).
Chapter 13. Differentiation & Treatment to Gynecological & Pediatric Diseases – Gynecological diseases: Irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, Amenorrhea, uterine bleeding, Infertility, Malposition of fetus, Lactation deficiency. Pediatric diseases: Enuresis, infantile malnutrition, after-effect of infantile paralysis.
Chapter 14. Differentiation & Treatment to Traumotological & Dermatological Diseases – This part chooses ten diseases with better acupuncture and moxibustion therapeutic results: wind rash (urticaria), fur uncle, epidemic mumps, breast abscess (acute mastitis), Intestinal abscess (appendicitis), Hemorrhoids, spa rain (Injury of soft tissues), localized nodular hyperplasia of soft tissues with eminence (ganglion), erysipelas, herpes zoster and etc.
Chapter 15. Differentiation & Treatment to Ophthalmological & Otorlaryngological Diseases – This part presents the differentiation and treatment to six kinds of ophthalmological and otorlaryngological diseases: Myopia, redness, swelling and pain of the eyes, tinnitus and deafness, sinusitis, sore throat, toothache. Lastly, it introduces in detail the application of Zhenjiuology in cosmetic purposes, quitting smoking, narcotic rehabilitation and weight reduction.
Chapter 16. The Eight Extra Meridians – The so-called eight extra meridians include du mai, ren mai, chong mai, dai mai, yiwei mai, yingqiao mai, yangwei mai and yangqiao mai. The eight extra meridians are a network interweaving with the network formed by the twelve regular meridians and connecting one regular meridians with another. Moreover, they help store, irrigate and regulate the blood and flow in the twelve regular meridians. This part introduces the distributing ranges, main function and the clinical meaning of the eight extra meridians.
Chapter 17. The Pathways of Qi and Four Seas – The street means the pathway, and the sea is where hundreds of streams and rivers converge. And there are also four seas within the human body, namely, the sea of marrow, the sea of qi, the sea of water and the sea of blood. This part introduces the pathways of qi and the four seas, the clinical applications and therapies: paralysis agitains, hyperplasia of mammary glands, the obstruction – syndrome of the heart, hypochondriac pain, calculosis of the kidney, the idopathic hyperprolactinaemia.
Chapter 18. Points (Continued) – All the points listed in this chapter are commonly used in clinic, yet they have not been introduced. This part sums up the points into the following groups: Points of head and neck region, points of chest and abdomen region, points of back, points of upper extremities and points of lower extremities.
Chapter 19. The Anatomy of the Points Requiring Prudent Manipulations – “Forbidden points” are discussed in many Chinese classical medical works. With the development of modern anatomy, in this part, we are able to gain a better understanding of the points which were forbidden to needle. After a thorough study of some points which require prudent manipulation, we get a better idea of the tissues and anatomical structures at and around the point locations. This in turn helps us to master correct methods for needle manipulation, and also enable us to master correct methods for needle manipulation, and also enable us to effectively prevent acupuncture accidents.
Chapter 20. Classical Needling Methods – This part discusses the needling techniques – the classical needling methods discussed in Neijing and Nanjing. Those methods are valuable heritage bequeathed by acupuncturists throughout history. Such as the nine needling methods, the twelve needling methods, five needling methods, tonifying and sedating methods in correspondence with the protective and nutritive levels, the four methods of flying the meridians and circulating qi, the eight therapeutic methods, swift insertion method, inserting and withdrawing the needle with cough, yang style method and etc.
Chapter 22. Auricular Diagnosis and Treatment – Auricular diagnosis and treatment is an important component in Chinese acupuncture. Modern medical research has shown the at the auricle does tell information about the whole body and it is also regarded as the auricular science. This part introduces the inspection diagnosis, touching method, the cutaneous electric resistance detection method, differentiation of syndromes, auricular filiform needing, auricular plaster therapy, auricular massage and treatment of diseases.
Chapter 23. Eye Acupuncture Therapy – Eye acupuncture, a new modality of acupuncture therapy, was created by Professor Pen Jingshan, Liaoning College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The therapy is based on the ancient medical concept of diagnosing diseases by inspecting the eyes by Hua Tuo in the Han Dynasty. Featured by puncturing the special thirteen points on eight parts around the eyes, eye acupuncture therapy is considered painless, high in effective rate and convenient for operation. Its theoretical basis is the doctrine of eight diagrams of yin yang in yijing and tcm doctrines of the viscera – meridian and the eight regions of the white of the eye in the five orbicular. Its diagnostics is to inspect the bulbar conjunctiva. This part systematically discusses the principle of the eye acupuncture therapy diagnosing diseases by inspecting the eye, clinical application of the eye acupuncture therapy.
Chapter 24. Methods of Three Needles Punctured into Temporal Area and the Method of Needling the Diseased Area in a Circular Fashion – The temporal three needles method is one of the many three – needle puncture methods. And it is mainly used to treat sequela of wind – stroke. This part introduces in detail the definition, locating method, the angle of needle insertion, the therapeutic effects, the course of treatment and clinical application of the temporal – three – needle method. The method of puncture around the deceased area is a method using multiple needles to puncture around the diseased area. This part emphasized on the around diseased area puncture with the help of CT scanning , CT localization, therapeutic method, care and attention. There two methods were developed by Professor Jing Rui, Director of the Acupuncture Department of Guangzhou College of TCM, based on his clinical expertise of several decades and his long term research and synthesis of his experience.
Chapter 25. Apoplexy with Xing Nao Kai Qiao Acupuncture Methods – This par explains the pathogenesis of apoplexy, the most effective points and the best acupuncture method for treatment of the disease – Xingnao Kaiqiao method which was developed by Professor Shi Xuemin of Tianjin College of TCM. The therapy is remarkably effective with little side effect. The curative rate is 57.8%, effective rate 98%.
Chapter 26. Warm Needle and Moxibustion over Medicinal Cake – Moxibusted Acupuncture, also called warm needling, has the comprehensive treatment effects of both acupuncture and moxibustion. It is quite effective in the treatment of such diseases as deficient syndrome of yang – qi and excess of yin – cold, moxibustion through herb medical cake is also the commonly used therapy in zhenjiu clinical practice. In this part, Professor Gao Zhenwu of Zhejiang College of TCM introduced the results of the moxibusted acupuncture in lab tests and clinical applications, the cautions, and the preparation of medical cake, moxa core, process of applying moxibustion, case study on some commonly occurred diseases.
Chapter 27. External Application Therapy – External application therapy is a treatment that applies herbs topically to a body surface area or an acupuncture point. It is often seen in the treatment of chronic, empty – cold type illness. its functions are warming the spleen and kidney, invigorating blood to dispel blood stasis, dissipating nodules and reducing selling, and strengthening the body to prevent diseases etc. it is easy and safe. This part introduces the preparation of the medicine clinical applications on asthma, allergic rhinitis, the treatment principles, the selection of points, cautions and so on.
Chapter 28. Treatment of Shoulder “Bi Syndrome” and Medulla Oblongata Pseudopodia – Shoulder Bi – Syndrome, also called loujianfeng, mainly manifests as shoulder pain and limited movements in the shoulder area. it is divided into the following eight types: hand-taiyin, hand-yangming, hand-shaoyang, hand-taiyang, hand-shaoyin, mixed type of hand-taiyin and hand-yangming, mixed type of hand-yangming, shoyang and hand-taiyang, and mixed type of the hand-taiyin and three yang meridians of the hand. Bulbar paralysis is mainly manifested as difficulty in swallowing, horse voice and gastric reflex. Acupuncture is very effective for bulbar paralysis. This part introduces the selection of points and manipulation by a clinical case.
Chapter 29. Treatment of the Rheumatoid Arthritis – This part introduces the several acupuncture treatment methods, type of bi syndrome, treatment principle, prescription; point selection and so on.
Chapter 30. Palpitation and Heart By Syndrome – This part introduces the acupuncture treatment methods of palpitation and heart by syndrome including the functions of heart, the meridians and points related to the heart, the commonly used acupuncture and moxibustion methods (seven methods), identification and treatment (eight different types) and prevention procedure.